Glasgow, the largest city in Scotland, is a prime example of a British industrial city. Located on the south-west side of Scotland, on the banks of the River Clyde, this prominent city is part of the United Kingdom, bordered by England and the Irish Sea in the south, the North Sea in the east and the North Atlantic Ocean in the west and north. The geographical coordinate of Glasgow is 55.8° N 4.25° O.Glasgow's neighboring cities are Paisley in the west, Ayr in the south-west, Hamilton southeast of Glasgow, Livingston east of Glasgow, Falkirk northeast and Aberfoyle northwest of Glasgow. Glasgow is located in the center of the Strathclyde region and has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb).The city stands out for its architecture designed by the Glasgow School, with Charles Rennie Mackintosh as its most notable exponent.
A large part of Glasgow's economic life was once located in Springburn, where Saracen foundry, engineering works by firms such as Charles Tennant and locomotive workshops employed many Glasgow residents. The Glasgow Cup was a once popular tournament, in which Rangers, Celtic, Clyde, Partick Thistle and Queen's Park competed. The project engineer was John Frederick Bateman, while James Morris Gale became the resident engineer for the municipal section of the project and later became chief engineer for Glasgow's water commissioners. This has led to large-scale remodeling of much of the poorest housing stock in the north of Glasgow and to a broader regeneration of many areas, such as Ruchill, that have been transformed; many deteriorated homes have already been remodeled or replaced by modern developments. There are also several West of Scotland Football League clubs in the city, such as Pollok, Maryhill, Benburb, Ashfield and Perthshire F.The development of civic institutions included the Glasgow City Police in 1800, one of the world's first municipal police forces. With a reputation as an established financial services hub, along with comprehensive support services, Glasgow continues to attract and grow new businesses. The area around Glasgow has been home to communities for millennia, and the River Clyde provides a natural place for fishing.
Major companies in the banking sector have also moved some of their services to commercial properties in Glasgow: Resolution, JPMorgan Chase, Barclays Wealth, Tesco Personal Finance, Morgan Stanley, Lloyds Banking Group, Clydesdale Bank, BNP Paribas, HSBC, Santander and the Royal Bank of Scotland. The city's suburban network is currently divided by the River Clyde and the Crossrail Glasgow initiative has been proposed to unite them; it is currently awaiting funding from the Scottish Government. Glasgow is home to a variety of theaters such as King's Theatre, Theatre Royal and Citizens Theatre; it also houses many museums and art galleries. The largest and most famous are Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Hunterian Art Museum and Gallery, Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA) and Burrell Collection.